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   Tools of the Covenant

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The Armor of God for Spiritual Warfare

The First Covenant Tools

Lesson 2 of 12

Tools/tokens were explained by God in the book of Genesis and again seen when God told Moses to sprinkle the blood of an animal upon the tools of the First Covenant to sanctify them for the people to use in worship. We are going to see the connection between the blood and God’s sanctification. We are also going to see that even though God sanctified these tools for their faith, He was already identifying the temporary nature of these tools, showing us that He did not plan for our faith to labor with them today.

Hebrews 9:18-21

18.  Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood.

19.  For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and SPRINKLED both the book, and all the people,

20.  Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you.

21.  Moreover he SPRINKLED with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry.

We studied this in the first course Covenant Faith, and will now study this further. The Bible says that the Ten Commandments, tithing laws, Jewish feast days and observances, and all vessels of the ministry (candlesticks, ark of the covenant, Shofar) were sprinkled with the blood of an animal. By this God laid upon the people their responsibility of faith. The tools of the covenant dictated their faith because they represented the responsibility of their faith.

These physical TOOLS are things that represented God to the people and kept them in remembrance of Him. These things also represented the faith of the people to God, that He would be in remembrance of them. As long as the people honored God by restricting their faith to the terms of God’s covenant, using only those sanctified tools to worship God, they remained tethered (joined) to God.

This is the blood of the testament which God has enjoined to you (verse 20). God is teaching us that we are connected to Him by the sprinkling of the blood. And this is what we see that Moses did. Moses first preached to the people, giving them knowledge, and then he took the blood and he splattered blood on them and splattered blood on the covenant tools. If you keep the covenant your soul is sealed with this salvation. 

covenant theology | old covenant and new covenant compared

It is important for us to understand this now, because later, when we talk about the new tools of the New Covenant we need to understand that the same thing applies, that we are connected to God by the sprinkling of blood, that the tools of the covenant dictate our faith, and that it is by the tools that God lays upon us the responsibility of our faith. The blood defines your righteousness and identifies the tools your faith must be active with. You will also soon understand another striking difference between the Old Covenant tools and the New Covenant Tools:

Old Covenant Tools  =  They are all PHYSICAL tools

New Covenant Tools =  They are all INVISIBLE tools

The First Covenant is a Figure of Christ

 Hebrews 9:1-14

1.  Then verily the First Covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.
2.  For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary.
3.  And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all;
4.  Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid roundabout with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant;
5.  And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.
6.  Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God.
7 . But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people:
8.  The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing:
9.  Which was a FIGURE for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;
10.  Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.
11.  But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;
12.  Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.
13.  For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh:
14.  How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

Covenant theology | Moses and Jesus comparedThis may look like a lot to cover, but it isn’t. God is simply showing us the temporary nature of the Mosaic Law. From verse 1 and verse 9, God let us know that the First Covenant tools were only a figure. The word “figure” means that the Mosaic Law was only standing as a temporary token for the time until Christ would come. Moses’ tools, laws, and commandments were only for that covenant. God had not intended them for you.

There are 2  words God uses to show this to you. The first word is “carnal”. In your notepad or in your Bible, put the word “carnal” over the word “worldly” sanctuary in verse 1 (you will see that confirmed in verse 10 “carnal ordinances”).

 Why does God call the tokens of Moses “carnal”? Because the tools of Moses cannot purge the conscience of sin. So, underline the word “conscience” in verse 9. That is the second word that tells us about the temporary nature of the tools of Moses. These carnal tokens could not make him (the priest that did the service) perfect as pertaining to the conscience (verse 9).

Where the Spirit says in verse 10, "which stood", He means that “the powers of faith and justification were only in those tokens until I will come to provide you My justification.” God teaches us about the righteousness of the Law by pointing out to us that the ordinances of divine service (tools of service) under the First Covenant stood only in meats and drinks and divers washings, which were baptisms, carnal ordinances, being earthly things. These laws and usage of these tools were designed for their activity and was imposed on them. Meaning, you have to do this or you will die in your sins.

Can you see that the righteousness of the law is not the righteousness of Jesus Christ? The righteousness of the Law is the standard God set for the faith of the people under the First Covenant; the yoke He imposed upon them. The labor of faith was with earthly things until Christ should come and give us heavenly thing. This is why verse 10 says that it was imposed on them until the time of reformation when Christ would come and shed His own blood.

Covenant theology | why the New Covenant is betterFor those under the First Covenant, it was the blood of bulls and of goats and the ashes of a heifer that was purifying the flesh (verse 13). They had to accept that token as their purification. They were looking at this and asking, "How can the ashes of an heifer and the blood of a beast redeem my soul?” They had to believe it, and in their mind looked towards Christ, their Messiah.

When He comes He will save us from our sins. And we have to believe the same thing. Not the blood of an animal, but we have to believe the blood of the Lamb, Jesus Christ, that Jesus' blood sanctifies us. We are not saved by the blood of the cow. We don't say, "By the blood of the cow I am saved." No, we say, "By the blood of Jesus I am saved."

In the ancient times they had to believe, they had to accept the yoke. That yoke which they accepted was the testimony of their confession. This is my testimony and therefore I am a man of faith awaiting my time of redemption, that God will receive my soul because of the blood of this beast.

So Jesus, upon His death, when yielding up the ghost, when He went down to the lower parts of the earth, now completed that promise. He went down to the center of the earth and led captivity captive, saying, “You who have washed by the blood of the beast are now washed by My blood.

You that have received forgiveness of sins by the cow and by the ox, by the goat, by the lamb, by the turtle doves and have waited patiently for me, I am now the fulfillment of that. Now come unto Me.” And so Jesus took Adam by the hand and received him and he took Abraham, and king David, and Noah, and Daniel, and all the righteous, He took that train right up to heaven.

How much more is the Lord going to receive us? We that believe on the blood of the Lamb will also be gathered to Him when He comes back and we see Him in the sky. He is going to say, "Now come to me you that believed My testimony, the shedding of My blood." And He will receive us to himself with great rejoicing.

1.      The things (tokens/tools) of the First Covenant reflected God in physical things.

2.      These physical TOOLS are things that represented God to the people and kept them in remembrance of Him.

3.      These things also represented the faith of the people to God, that He would be in remembrance of them.

4.      As long as the people honored God by restricting their faith to the terms of God’s covenant, using only those sanctified tools to worship God, they remained tethered to God, tied to Him, and they remained within the orbit of His care, presence, and promises.

5.      The tokens dictated the responsibility of the faith of the people.

6.      The tokens of Moses were temporary until Christ would come.

7.      The tokens of Moses were “carnal” for they could not purge the conscience.


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