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The Christian Faith is Defined by Covenant

The Bible Talks About Two Covenants

Lesson 2 of 13

What does the Bible say about covenant? Although God talks about many covenants in the Bible, His main focus has always been on these two covenants:
  1. The covenant God gave through Moses.
  2. The covenant God gave through our Lord Jesus Christ.
Galatians 4:23-24
23. But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise.
24. Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai [Moses], which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar. [the other from Jesus Christ].
  • The covenant of Moses is typified by Hagar, the bondwoman. The bondwoman joined herself to faith to try to fulfill the promise of God, but God did not choose Hagar and her son, thus revealing to our understanding that the law of Moses (the bondwoman) joined to faith does not bring forth the promises of God for you.
  • The covenant of Jesus Christ is typified by Sarah, the freewoman. God promised Abraham a son through Sarah, thus representing God’s promise to mankind to bring forth His redemption through His own Son, Jesus Christ. Faith joined to Jesus Christ brings forth the promises of God.
The Hagar Faith
Related Illustration
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Covenant of Moses and Jesus compared. A look at why the New Covenant is better.
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Many Christians do not know that their faith should not be entwined with Moses, and they continue to practice the principles found in the Old Testament (First Covenant). Some of these principles are: tithing, physical communion, water baptism, the blowing of the Shofar, observing Jewish feast days and traditions, trying to obey God by observing the Ten Commandments. Seeking the promise by these things of Moses shows that they have not made the transition to the Second Covenant. Their faith, entwined with Moses, is enslaved to the flesh.
Hagar Christians try to fulfill the promise of God by joining their faith to the things of Moses. As a result, they suffer from a defiled conscience, they are double minded in their faith and continue to experience disappointment when they do not receive God’s promise.
Why is that so? There are a few things we need to understand. First, God does not allow us to worship Him our own way, and that means that we cannot just pull from different parts of the Bible and say, “I have faith in God.” We are to rightly divide the word into its proper covenants, as Paul taught:
2 Timothy 2:15
 “Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing  the word of truth.”
Second, now that God has established the pattern of our faith in Jesus Christ, the Holy Spirit will not bear witness to Moses any longer; He will only bear witness to Jesus Christ. When we say that the Holy Spirit “bears witness”, we are saying that the Spirit of God only confirms the knowledge and tools of Jesus’ covenant, not the knowledge and tools of Moses’ covenant.
Third, as you will learn, when the covenant changed from the Moses to Jesus, it also changed from worshipping God through physical things to worshipping God through invisible, spiritual things. Many people ask, "What is the New Testament?" The New Testament is a New Covenant in Jesus Christ. It is the Second Covenant.
Fourth, as you will learn, when the covenant changed from Moses to Jesus, there was a transition of the law from the Ten Commandments, which addressed man’s behavior, to the Law of Grace and Truth, which addresses Jesus Christ.

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