The Christian Faith is Defined by Covenant
The First Covenant Was Sealed by the Blood of an Animal
Lesson 3 of 13
We must know that without the shedding of blood there is no remission of sins (Hebrews 9:22). The First Covenant was sealed by the blood of an animal, signifying that the Perfect One, Jesus Christ, had not yet come to shed His blood for the sins of the world.
Moses sprinkled the blood of an animal upon the book of the law and all the tools and articles of the First Covenant to sanctify the faith of the people, that they would order their perspective by God’s law, that when they exercised their faith in the temple with these tools, God would accept their faith. This is Mosaic law and covenant.
18. Whereupon neither the first testament [First Covenant] was dedicated without blood.
19. For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people.
20. Saying, “This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you.”
21. Moreover he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry.
At that time, the hope of the people to please God and know God would be realized only if they restricted their faith to the terms God established through Moses. Their sins would be forgiven and God would fulfill in them His promise. Moses helped the people to understand the terms of God’s covenant and the connection between the blood and the tools and the exercise of their faith.
We can now understand what the word “seal” means: To bear the mark of God’s approval. But if we do not know what God approves of, how shall we commit our faith to it?
The study of the covenant is important. The Bible says, “This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you.” Let’s look at the word “enjoined” for a moment and see what God is telling us. The word enjoin means to direct or impose upon. The word enjoined meant three things to the children of Israel under the First Covenant:
1. Responsibility of faith: God was directing the faith of the children of Israel as a whole body by His covenant and tools, which they individually had to embrace and obey. God was laying upon them the responsibility of the knowledge and tools He imparted to Moses, that they might show their love for Him by these things, which He sanctified by the blood of an animal.
2. God’s commitment: God committed Himself to engage their faith on the grounds of this covenant. As long as the children of Israel kept these commandment, as the Lord charged, they remained joined or tethered to God, and His promises were sure to them.
3. Validation: God must validate faith as real and as meeting his approval. The people were not free to join themselves to God on the grounds of their own passions or their imagination. Neither could they choose to focus faith on things that pleased them. Their faith was represented by the tools and articles God commanded Moses to give to the people. They had to carry the yoke of God’s commandments through Moses in order for God to validate their faith as genuine.